Media: The New York Times
Section: World – Asia Pacific
Title: Chronic Diseases Are Killing More in Poorer Countries
Author: Sabrina Tavernise
Date: DEC 4, 2014
1. Explain the process you followed to evaluate the article’s sources. Did you determine the sources to be credible or not? Explain your findings in detail and state which evaluative criteria you used.
Looking for a history through the three possible sources indicated I choose an article posted in The New York Times which called my attention for its theme and the reflection caused in me when reading it; quickly came into mine a sense of inequality in the world and in societies.
The title which identifies the article context of the World section at The New York Times is Chronic Diseases Are Killing More in Poorer Countries, by Sabrina Tavernise, an article posted on December 4th, 2014.
I followed five main criteria to evaluate the credibility of this article, including: The authority of the author, the objectivity, the quality, the currency and the relevancy of the work (Frantz, 2014).
It is important to highlight that Sabrina Tavernise is an American journalist who writes for The New York Times and previously reported for the Times from Iraq, Lebanon, and Russia; also, she has countless works related social, health and political issues. Is important to concentrate in the relevance of her job, measured by the number of time her work has been cited by other journalist, mass Medias, and books; including the book Cultural Anthropology by Serena Nanda. She is frequently mentioned in articles written by peers.
She is a well-known writer and has gain credibility throughout her professional life. She received an honorable mention in the 2003 Kurt Schork’s awards for “her depth and human insight in covering Russia”. Kurt Schork Awards is a prominent event for the journalist that “often at personal risk, much work hard to report the conflict, corruption, and injustice. Their goal is to ensure what the world learns about – and better understands – the challenges faced by communities under pressure and may perhaps be spurred into providing help to the desperate” (Fund Kurt Schork Memorial, 2014); the prices exist since 2001.
Since 2000’s the main association she has been working with is The New York Times; with approximately 2,297 articles published, according to the newspaper itself. I did not find any books written by her; basically her job is focus in investigation articles.
Another important element to be considered is the reflection of objectivity in her reports, there is no documents or public information revealing any kind of entailment with political, commercial or particular activities; no particular brand is represented by her; nevertheless she might be an exclusive journalist for The New York Times. Another component is the currently of her jobs; out of date works, links without functioning were not found.
Specifically in this article, the references and the citations belong to credible sources, including Council on Foreign Relations and the New York Times itself. I also investigate about the topic in WWW sources that arrived at the same conclusion she did.
In addition, the information appeared in The New York Times a well-known newspaper that has suffer attacks related to errors in publication; even though it is a recognized and respected mass media, that has been distinguished for its reliability since 1835’s. Also, it is classified as a Professional Sites (Montecino)
Finally, for me the sources are credible; due to the last explained details.
2. Do you trust information originating from “non-professionals” such as bloggers? Explain why.
Of course, bloggers can be a trustful source; but, we must be aware of who they are, also assume that online information is false until verified. Is essential too to measure other elements, including:
- The credibility developed by the blogger through the evidence of repeated, trustworthy interaction (University Southern New Hampshire, 2013).
- Source must be identified according to its type: Source-less news, Journalist as Witness, Journalist as Credential Expert, Sources Witness, participants, Expert Sources and Anonymous sourcing. (Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel, 2010)
- Determine whether the source may be biased information (University Southern New Hampshire, 2013)
- Ones need to identify the type of journalism they are practicing. (verification-Fact, Assertion, affirmation, interest group)
- Each information posted must have at least two or more credible sources. (University Southern New Hampshire, 2013)
- The information must be properly cited to give credit where credit is due. (University Southern New Hampshire, 2013)
- The information must be well-organized, good grammar, etc. (Frantz, 2014)
3. How has social media influenced the spreading and receiving of information?
Social media have revolutionized how people communicate in current days. Being connected 24/7 is a normal behavior after social media appear, there is no longer need to wait until tomorrow to receive the breaking news from around the world. One of the most powerful elements about this issue is that people believe in almost everything that came from social media. In the current days, people trust more on the internet rather than traditional media. This is something big!!! “People identify the internet as the most reliable source of information over television and radio” (Vis, 2014); even though the World Economic Forum identified “The rapid spread of misinformation online” as one of the ten issues highlighted for 2014 concerns. Wow!
Formal studies are being developed to seek the better understanding about the circumstances in which information has or may spread; one thing is sure, isolate specific patterns, users or types of content is difficult. (Vis, 2014).
Some patterns had emerged, the fact that the role of gatekeepers is central whether something goes viral or not; Industry research by face also shows the importance of gatekeepers (Vis, 2014). Internet memes are a further body of work focused on specific online content that often spread rapidly (Vis, 2014).
Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel. (2010). Blur: How to Know What’s True in the Age of Information Overload. In &. T. B. Kovach, Blur: How to Know What’s True in the Age of Information Overload. (p. 207). New York, NY:: Bloomsbury.
Frantz, P. (2014, December). UO Libraries University of Oregon. Retrieved December 2014, from http://library.uoregon.edu/guides/findarticles/credibility.html
Fund Kurt Schork Memorial. (2014). Kurt Schork Memorial Fund. Retrieved December 2014, from http://www.ksmfund.org/home
Montecino, V. (n.d.). Virginia Montecino. Retrieved December 2014, from http://mason.gmu.edu/~montecin/web-eval-sites.htm
University Southern New Hampshire. (2013). Southern New Hampshire University. Retrieved 2014, from https://bb.snhu.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-4783048-dt-content-rid-10107989_1/courses/COM-510-15TW2-MASTER/COM-510-14TW2-MASTER_ImportedContent_20131105030838/com_510_module3_overview.pdf
Vis, F. (2014, April). Social Science Space. Retrieved December 2014, from http://www.socialsciencespace.com/2014/04/how-does-false-information-spread-online/